THE NATIONAL PARK
The majestic glaciers which surround the Stelvio Pass are part of the largest protected natural area in Italy and one of the most important in Europe: the Stelvio National Park, established in 1935 to conserve, protect and study the indigenous flora and fauna in this particular high altitude Alpine environment.
The Stelvio National Park, thanks to the presence of different substrata of soil and a considerable difference of altitude (from 600 to almost 400 metres), has a very rich and widely varied botany: it ranges from peat-bogs to Alpine meadows and from conifer forests to stony ground up to the eternal snow of the highest peaks.
Varied and rare species of mammals have also found their ideal habitat here, such as the bearded vulture (a large bird with a wingspan of over 3 metres).
A subsequent enlargement of the Stelvio National park in 1977 made the whole area border on the Swiss National Park; a protected natural life park, one of the largest in Europe, which attracts countless excursionists and enthusiasts every summer.